The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs. The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
Botswana’s Voluntary National Review reported that Botswana brought together the Tourism Ministry in the National SDG Dialogues on Sustainable Development.
As part of its journey towards Sustainable Development, Botswana has identified the integration of sustainability into financing and investment as a building block for its broad-based framework for Sustainable Development.
Botswana also reported its challenges in tourism infrastructure especially in aviation. This limits how tourists move around to the many wildlife areas of Botswana.
The country records high tourist entry figures and low tourist expenditure and yet connecting flights into the hinterland could have generated longer stays and more expenditure from such tourist, thereby assisting to grow the sector and create opportunities for poverty alleviation, especially community led tourism.