The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
Costa Rica’s Voluntary National Review 2017 reported that earnings from sea tourism in the country was recorded at 1 billion USD and there was an increase in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) for the tourism sector in 2016, a total of US US $ 61.4 million.
The report also showed that funds are dedicated to projects on Sustainable Rural Tourism, aimed at protecting biodiversity, environment sustainability and services such as “Tarjeta Servibanca Ecologica”, a bank card which gives support to a biodiversity fund.