The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
In Egypt’s Voluntary National Review 2016 is highlighted how the Ministry of Investment has adopted a Comprehensive Public-Private Partnership Scheme that aims to enhance the quality of services available in the country, with an array of investment opportunities. The ministry is currently supervising 46 projects in sectors such as infrastructure and public utilities in different Governorates throughout the country, at a total cost of $16 billion. The projects include various sectors, among which: tourism and and transportation.
However, instability in the region, the effects of climate change and the rise in sea water level and negative effects on coastal areas led to business loss in tourism and has had a negative spill-over effect on the tourism sector.