The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
In Indonesia’s Voluntary National Review, Nawacita was introduced as the nine national visions of Indonesia is the vision to realise Indonesian’s sovereignty, independence and mutual cooperation as the national character. The VNR reports that one of their policy instrument- the Specific Allocation Grant (Dana Alokasi Khusus/DAK) is part of the country’s effort to reduce poverty. Through the DAK, elaborate measures have been made based on regional affairs and national priorities.
As part of innovation and key effort to reduce poverty, national tourism areas are recognised. As of 2016, Indonesia has declared 165 Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and targeted by 2020, total area of MPAs will expand to 20 Million. These MPAs are targeted to provide positive benefits for communities’ welfare. Economic use of the marine conservation area is done through fishing activities, marine tourism, research and education.