The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
In Kenya’s Voluntary National Review 2017, tourism is included in The Kenya Vision 2030, as one of the key sector that has the potential to deliver 10% economic growth per annum.
Ecotourism in Kenya is involved in climate change issues primarily through the Eco-rating Certification scheme, a voluntary scheme that covers accommodation facilities and advocates for the sustainable use of resources to reduce negative impacts on the environment. The effects of climate change and the continuing drought have affected agro based industries and also tourism.
Tourism’s share of GDP has also remained low due to effects of transnational crimes and global terrorism. The Government has put in place mechanisms to foster peace among communities through joint Cultural Festivals and signed treaties on cultural exchange programmes which promotes cultural tourism, peace and human understanding among others