The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
In Luxembourg’s Voluntary National Review 2017, the tourism sector is mentioned in connection with mobility and transportation. Luxembourg has a very high ratio of vehicles per inhabitants (660 cars per 1000 inhabitants), which directly affects air quality.
Tourism à la Pompe or ‘fuel tourism’ is a phenomenon in the country. This is due to the advantageous taxation compared to the neighboring countries. This problem represents an ecologic threat, with economic and public health impacts. Therefore the country is developing solutions to make mobility more sustainable and green.