The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
In Malaysia’s Voluntary National Review 2017, The Eleventh Malaysian Plan (11MP) 2016-2020 is introduced as Malaysia’s five-year development plan towards realising the goal of Vision 2020. The 11th plan is based on the National Development Strategy of Malaysia which focuses on the development of people-based economy and capital based economy with the implementation of high impact projects.
Sustainable consumption and production (SCP) was introduced into the 11MP as a key approach to achieve green growth and address environmental sustainability. Tourism is one of the key SCP initiatives in Malaysia. SCP practices across all forms of tourism will create the unique selling proposition of Malayisa as a sustainable tourism destination. The National Ecotourism Plan 2016-2025 provides a general framework for developing the country’s ecotourism potential.