The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
In Montenegro’s Voluntary National Review 2016, tourism is seen as an opportunity to achieve decent work and economic growth. According to estimates by World Travel and Tourism Council, employment in tourism in the country will grow considerably faster than overall employment.
In spite of the low rate of material intensity in Montenegro, there has been an improvement of resource efficiency in the service-oriented sector (tourism) by 57.4%. Due to the high correlation between tourism and other services and sector. The country has implemented various steps towards greening tourism which will have a dramatic impact on the greening of the entire economy.
As part of Montenegro’s strategic goal to introduce green economy, green forms of tourism diversification of tourist offering are being developed, leading to more sustainable consumption and production. The challenge for the country is now to to expand allocation purpose on sustainable forms of tourism based on nature and sustainable towns/cities.
Montenegro has always been an attractive tourist destination. This has led to rapid urbanisation, conversion of agricultural land into construction land and placed severe pressure on the coastal areas. To combat this, efforts are underway to preserve the attractiveness of the coastal area for sustainable tourism development.