The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017
In Nepal’s Voluntary National Review 2017, it is reported that Nepal’s tourism infrastructures are improving. The country has improved the length of roads, where 14% was black topped and 23 % gravelled, 63% earthen. The construction of railroads have also begun, with also improvement of air transport. The development of the infrastructures will improve Nepal's tourism sector and the government aims to increase tourist arrivals to 1-34 million, with an increase length of stay to 15 days.
To mobilize resources for economic development in the country, all federal, provincial and local governments need to promote the involvement of the private sector as they hold a critical role in promoting economic growth by developing industries and services generating jobs in agriculture, tourism and many more. Hence, on March 2017, in Kathmandu, The government and the private sector held an investment summit. The commitments made surpassed expectations with a pledge of USD 13.52 billion pledge, towards investing in energy, transport, agriculture, tourism, and information technology.