The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017
Norway’s Voluntary National Review (VNR) 2016 addresses the responsible use and protection of oceans and marine environments. This is important for Norway whose livelihoods and welfare depend on the sea. Clean oceans and seas are a common good, and crucially linked to the efforts to address climate change.
The VNR reported that the country’s economy depends heavily on ocean based industries such as oil and gas, shipping and tourism. The country is heavily investing in blue economy and in research, mapping and monitoring. Norway has comprehensive measures in place to safeguard healthy oceans and the ocean is one of its’ top research priorities for sustainable blue growth.