The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017
In Qatar’s Voluntary National Review 2017, tourism is seen as a challenge to its agricultural, livestock and fisheries production. This is due to the high population growth coupled with rising disposable income, increased number of tourists, expanding urbanisation and higher consumer preferences. The country is making efforts to achieve food security and agriculture, together with a more sustainable consumption and production.
Furthermore, in the VNR, it is reported that the high costs of water supply installations to meet the needs of the increasing population, tourism and the changing lifestyle, is currently burdening the treasury.