The recognition of the role of tourism in sustainable development and the emphasis placed in the SDGs on the development of public policies for sustainable tourism is a landmark breakthrough that provides a unique opportunity for all governments to create a sound and favourable policy foundation.
The first two years of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda have shown that countries are making headway in aligning national strategies, adapting institutional frameworks and adjusting policies to realize the SDGs.
The countries’ efforts have been reported in the Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs), presented by UN Member States during the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in 2016 and 2017.
In Zimbabwe’s Voluntary National Review 2016, tourism is mentioned as a key economic sector and is set to be improving in terms of contribution to Zimbabwe’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth. (an increase of 3.7% in 2017) The country’s completion of the largest inland dam, the Tokwe Mukosi dam is a major achievement in the promotion of agriculture and tourism sectors. The VNR also reported that women’s access to economic opportunities in sectors with potential sources of growth, particularly in tourism is highlighted in The Revised National Gender Policy (2017) under the thematic area on Gender and Economic Empowerment which provides strategies to strengthen women’s economic opportunities.