While tourism alone cannot prevent or solve conflicts, it can be a complementary tool for promoting peace and stability by promoting cultural exchange and supporting the establishment of institutions and access to judiciary systems that promote peace and justice. It is crucial to have well-planned and coordinated efforts between governments, tourism stakeholders, and communities to ensure that the benefits of tourism are equitably distributed, and that the sector operates in a responsible, inclusive, and sustainable manner. By doing so, tourism can help to promote SDG 16 and contribute to long-term peace and stability in societies.
There are nine targets within SDG 16 that are deemed to have a stronger and direct link for tourism to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels. These targets have been selected to base the potential project indicators.
SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE ALL FORMS OF VIOLENCE AND RELATED DEATH RATES EVERYWHERE
Target 16.1 calls for a reduction in violence everywhere. Tourism can contribute to this target by ensuring surveillance, security, and the careful development of tourist areas. Categorization as a “safe destination” is a key factor influencing the image or brand, thus the overall sustainability of a destination. The most significant impact of crime on a tourist destination is the drastic reduction in tourist demand, hereby hampering potential economic benefits for the local economy, which, again, contributes to the worsening of the situation onsite.
Potential indicators in this target are grouped by the following Theme and sub-theme:
Violence and harassment / Violent crimes
Violence and harassment / Harassment