The COVID-19 pandemic has deeply impacted the tourism sector with a spill-over effect of unexpected socioeconomic consequences to many other sectors. The link between tourism and the importance of health and well-being has been highlighted even more during the pandemic as the sector depends on contact-intensive services – and restoring consumer confidence has been key to economic recovery of the tourism sector during the whole crisis. Consequently, a destination with clean and hygienic hotels, restaurants and other tourism facilities was in a better position to enhance its attractiveness. At the same time, tax generated from tourism activities as well as visitors’ fees collected in destinations can be reinvested in health care and services, improving maternal health, reducing child mortality and preventing diseases.
There are five targets within SDG 3 that are deemed to have a stronger and direct link for tourism to ensure healthy lives and promote well being for all at all ages. These targets have been selected to base the potential project indicators.
BY 2030, END THE EPIDEMICS OF AIDS, TUBERCULOSIS, MALARIA AND NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES AND COMBAT HEPATITIS, WATER-BORNE DISEASES AND OTHER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES.
According to World Health Organization (WHO) communicable diseases are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Some are transmitted through bites from insects, while others are caused by ingesting contaminated food or water. This target stresses upon the implementation of appropriate health and safety plans including putting in place health and hygiene protocols. In this regard, tourism employers and workers should be aware of key hygiene and sanitation guidelines which are essential to prevent or halt the spread of communicable diseases and which also contribute to the coordination of a safe destination.
Potential indicators in this target are grouped by the following Theme and sub-theme
Health / Sanitation and hygiene protocols/ guidelines
Health / Health Guidelines
Health / Access to medicines and vaccines
Education and training / Capacity building