The tourism sector needs to adopt sustainable consumption and production (SCP) modes, accelerating the shift towards sustainability. It is imperative to identify key points of intervention within the tourism value chain to reduce the use of natural resources and environmental impacts caused by production and consumption. The impact of tourism can be both positive as well as negative. There is, therefore, a need to better monitor, share and disclose all the impacts of tourism. Using tools to monitor sustainable development impacts of tourism, as explicitly mentioned in Target 12.b, is essential to enhance accountability for the proper implementation of tourism policies, projects, operations, etc., which will result in enhanced economic, social and environmental outcomes.

There are six targets within SDG 12 that are deemed to ensure the promotion of sustainable consumption and production patterns. These targets have been selected to base the potential project indicators.