Peace through tourism. The role of tourism in the achievement of the SDG16 (plus)
The contribution of tourism to a widespread culture of peace is a much more complex subject than it seems. Fabio Carbone's ongoing research is based on the initial idea that tourism is only potentially a vehicle to peace. Thus his research aims to explore the dynamics underlying an effective contribution of tourism for the promotion of global mutual understanding and peace. The ontological approach is transdisciplinary, integrating mainly tourism studies, cultural heritage management and peace and conflict studies. A revision of the approach to tourism – from both supply and demand side – is an essential step towards the establishment of an effective link between tourism and peace. In particular, it was recently pointed out the potential of war related attractions, particularly war museums, as “local infrastructures for peace” (Carbone, 2021). Fabio Carbone's studies aim to stimulate a public discussion (involving policy makers, cultural heritage managers, travellers, DMCs, DMOs, donors, academia and hosting communities)curators, politicians, and destination managers) leading to a conscious and informed decision on the social role to be given to tourism practices for the achievement of the SDG16 (and SDG16plus).
Peace through Tourism Festival
The Peace through Tourism Festival starts on 21st September - International Day of Peace - and culminates on 27th September - World Tourism Day. The event itself thus symbolically represent a bridge between tourism and peace. A unique event concept for a festival organised by the IIPT-Iran Chapter in collaboration with many Iranian and international public and private organisations. Among others: the Iran Association of Women in Tourism, the National Museum of the Islamic Revolution and Holy Defense, the Iran Association of Expert in Tourism, Tehran Peace Museum as well as the Global Peace Forum (UK) , Villa Rendano (Italy). Fabio Carbone and his team in Tehran prepared the first edition of the Festival that count with numerous participants for the seminars, workshops and master classes included in the program. The opening session will count with the presence of Taleb Rifai, former Secretary General of the World Tourism Organization, IIPT Chairman and International Advisory Board and Louis d'Amore, the director and founder of the IIPT. The session will be opened by the performance of the Italian pianist Daniela Roma, from the United States, and the Iranian guitarist Mahan Malek, from Iran. According to the creator of the event concept, Fabio Carbone, IIPT global ambassador and IIPT special envoy for Iran: "Tourism continues to be seen almost exclusively as a vehicle for economic development, neglecting the social aspect of the phenomenon, therefore its potential as a promoter of dialogue, global understanding and peace. The IIPT globally promotes the idea of a 'Higher Purpose of Tourism" through initiatives that raise awareness of the public and private sector and travelers themselves. In this particular period of strong geopolitical instability, and the insecurity perceived by each of us worldwide, the optimistic message and the appeal to actively contribute to the creation of a more just world therefore assumes fundamental importance ".
THInC 2021 - Tourism and Hospitality International Conference on “CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND TOURISM FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT”
The first edition of the Tourism and Hospitality International Conference (THInC) will focus on “CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND TOURISM FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT”. The event is organized by the Lusófona University (Portugal) and the Coventry University (United Kingdom), in collaboration with 'CEO CPL Meetings & Events', to be held on 2021, May 19th-21st. The main aim of the event will be that of promoting international debate on issues relating to cultural diversity and its link to tourism development. According to Fabio Carbone, Chair of the organizing committee, "we aim to give an impulse to the scientific research in this field and, on the other side, to raise awareness about the need for models of cooperation between all stakeholders to safeguard and enhance cultural diversity and facilitate the exchange of knowledge through innovative tourism practices based on cultural diversity and the SDGs' principles". Cultural diversity, as a source of exchange, innovation and creativity, is as necessary as services or infrastructure for the development of tourism destination. Tourism thus became not only one of the fastest growing sectors, but also an activity with the potential of promoting social cohesion and understanding at global level, as well as a powerful creative force that can contribute to mutual cultural enrichment, to the consolidation of the culture of peace and to the prosperity of people. In this sense, and considering the general principles contained in the conventions and the international declarations such as the Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2001); UNESCO Conventions for the Safeguarding of the Cultural and Natural Tangible (1972) and intangible (2003) Heritage; the UNWTO Code of Ethics for Tourism and the principles underlining by the Sustainable Development Goals in the UN Agenda 2030. Scholars, practitioners and students from all over the world will exchange information both on academic advances and innovative practices.
A city that is not good for its citizens is not good for tourists. The non-profit organization #IoResto (#IRemain) was founded by Giovanni Pitingolo together with other citizens of Crotone (Italy) as a response to the alarming increase in the local phenomenon of migration. Crotone is indeed a city with a massive tourist potential, exceptionally rich in tangible and intangible cultural heritage as well as quite unique natural resources (e.g. the Marine protected area under the Barcelona Convention - Specially Protected Area – and the Geosite of Vrica, practically unique in its kind all over the world), but at the same time is heavily affected by socio-economic problems such as unemployment, marginalization and security, among others. In this context, the organization #IoResto aims to make the city and the surrounding human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. By doing so, #IoResto contributes to the improvement of the citizens’ quality of life, and prepares the destination for a more satisfactory and sustainable tourist experience. The approach adopted by #IoResto is particularly innovative as it is based on public participation, promotion of the civic sense and sense of belonging, and finally the stimulation of a bottom-up action toward the sustainable development of Crotone both as a city were to live and as a tourist destination. Among the projects already developed by #IoResto it is worth to mention the "Intimate Diary of a Territory: a school to stay", an itinerant “school” to promote and to bring back to life the villages surrounding the city that are suffering for a strong phenomenon of depopulation. To reach the goal, workshops are realized to preserve and promote the landscape, tangible and intangible cultural heritage, and to put children and young people in contact with traditional activities and by doing so promoting the intergenerational dialogue and facilitating e the transmission of traditional knowhow and wisdom.
International Institute for Peace through Tourism, Iran Chapter
After many months of preparation, on April 18th was held the First IIPT Iranian Working at the headquarters of the company “Miniature Group” in Tehran. With this meeting Fabio Carbone, lecturer and researcher in Heritage, Tourism and Intercultural Dialogue, IIPT Ambassador-at-Large and Special Envoy for Iran, officially launched the challenge of creating an Iranian Chapter of the International Institute for Peace through Tourism (IIPT). The meeting was attended by over 50 people came from all over Iran, representatives of different sectors of Iranian tourism industry (public, private, non-governmental and academic). Mostafa Khoshabi (Miniature Group) did the honours, as host who from the very beginning is supporting the project on the field, together with Sassan Ghassemi. Fabio Carbone, IIPT ambassador at large and special envoy for Iran, had finally his speech. He presented the IIPT in detail and then presented the idea of ​​creating an IIPT Iran Chapter. In particular, with his passionate speech Fabio Carbone highlighted the immediate and long-term benefits of an approach to tourism development in Iran based not only on economic profit, but also and above all on the socio-cultural development and the promotion, through the tourist activity, of the intercultural dialogue for the construction of peace. Industry, academics, representative of the government and civil society joined the meeting. The “Tehran Agreement on the creation of the IIPT Iran Chapter” is the document produced in the end of the working meeting. We can now officially say the Iranian tourism industry got committed to the SDGs, specifically the SDG #16 by embracing the IIPT principles and get engaged with the creation of the IIPT Iran Chapter.